Fertilized embryo transfer to a female uterus is one of the important parts of the in-vitro fertilization process. When an egg is fertilized, it is known as Blastocyst or embryo. And there are some things that one can anticipate during the process of embryo transfer. If it is your first time that you are undergoing the IVF Process , then there are a variety of questions that keep running through your mind. Well, it is completely natural, and at this stage, you might be thinking about the before and after the process of embryo transfer.
You will hear from your IVF expert referring to the embryo as a blastocyst. Although, most people don’t have any understanding of the term.
So, what is a Blastocyst?
An embryo transfer is known to be the final part of the IVF process which is also known as a Blastocyst. The doctor will include using fertility medications for stimulating the ovaries into the release of healthy eggs. The eggs are then retrieved from the female ovaries and are sent to the lab for fertilization. After the fertilized eggs are multiplied, then it is transferred into the female uterus. Lastly, the embryo should attach itself to the womb wall or female uterus for a pregnancy to begin.
When there is a need for embryo transfer?
IVF and embryo transfer are required in situations where natural fertilization is not a choice or has some problem from happening. Various other reasons are there for embryo transfer which includes:
- Few eggs are available for successful fertilization if the ovulation is infrequent. This is called ovulation disorder and in such cases, a doctor recommends IVF and embryo transfer.
- Fallopian tube damage is another problem when the doctor recommends IVF and blastocyst. Since the fallopian tubes are the road through which embryos travel to reaching the uterus. But when the tubes are damaged or blocked, it is improbable for fertilized eggs to reach the womb.
- Endometriosis is also another problem that includes implantation of the tissue from the uterus and develops outside the uterus. It can lead to affecting how the women’s reproduction functions, hence the only way out in such cases are IVF and blastocyst or embryo transfer.
- Premature ovarian failure occurs when ovaries are unable to produce the normal estrogen amounts or release the eggs naturally.
- Uterine fibroids are tiny tumors on the uterus wall which can cause the problem of inefficiency in an egg for planting itself in the uterus to avoid pregnancy.
- Genetic disorders are also responsible for preventing pregnancy from happening and hence IVF and embryo transfer is initiated as a treatment.
- Impaired sperm low production includes sperm poor movement, testes damage, semen anomalies are the causes of natural fertilization failure. Hence, IVF and blastocyst are the way out.
What to expect during and after the embryo transfer?
The doctor will initiate the process by picking the finest eggs to transfer to the female womb around 2 or 3 days before the embryo transfer. Many processes are available there for aid selection, however, there are non-invasive methods like metabolic profiling that are in the process of testing. Metabolic profiling involves the selection of the finest eggs based on several varied factors. It can also lead to limiting the requirement for invasive procedures in the upcoming time. The fertilization of eggs takes place in the lab and is left to culture for around one or two days. If the quality of eggs is good and there are many, then the unused eggs can be frozen.
Embryo transfer process
The process of embryo transfer is related to the pap smear test. The doctor will initiate the process by inserting a speculum into the female vagina so that the walls are open. Accuracy will be ensured through the use of ultrasound and then the doctor will begin the process by passing a catheter via the cervix and into the womb. Further, the embryos are passed through the tube and into the womb.
You don’t have to feel apprehensive about the pain as it is usually painless and very often needs sedatives. Some women may feel uneasiness as a consequence of the speculum insertion or from having a full bladder that is needed for the ultrasound.
After the embryo transfer
It will involve a follow-up appointment after two weeks to identify whether the transferred blastocyst was successful or not. Once the process is done, it is important to know that some women may experience some side effects such as bloating, vaginal discharge, and cramping.
Embryo transfers risks and precautions
Risks related to embryo transfers are not very high and are mostly associated with enhanced hormonal stimulation. It leads to causing an augmented risk like blocking of a blood clot i.e. blood vessel. Some females may come across bleeding, variations in vaginal discharge, anesthesia complications, and infections. The miscarriage risk is similar to the natural pregnancy. The huge risk with blastocyst transfer is multiple pregnancy probability. It happens when there are multiple pregnancies. It may also lead to enhancing the stillbirth risks and children born with problems like disabilities. This is very common in pregnancies that occur through IVF.
Blastocyst or embryo transfer is the finest option for couples who are trying to get pregnant for years. It permits for more informed options and gives hope for the best to happen. However, it is also surveyed that it leads to enhancing the issue of premature birth and heavier babies but it is not that frequent. The only role in a successful embryo or blastocyst transfer is played by the renowned fertility chain. So, it is essential that before going for blastocyst transfer, you pick the right fertility centre.
You should get in touch with the right and best IVF Centre in India like Crysta IVF. We have been offering infertility services for years and have helped couples achieve pregnancy. You will find a team of the finest infertility experts having years of experience in the fertility industry. So, if you are choosing to go for blastocyst transfer, you should reach us or schedule an appointment with us. And our team will get back to you as soon as they receive the query and will offer their complete assistance to help you out with your problem.