In Vitro Fertilisation

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is an ART solution which is routinely used to help couples facing fertility issues

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Overview about IVF

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is an ART solution which is routinely used to help couples facing fertility issues. It is more commonly known as the Test-tube baby procedure.

It is the procedure by which the prepared sperm and ovum are made to fertilise under laboratory conditions; the embryo is then transferred back to the uterus of the female partner for further development.

Who should go for IVF ?

IVF is the most commonly known ART technique which is used to help couples who are primarily affected with male infertility, or structural blockages in the reproductive tracts. It is further recommended for:

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Fallopian Tube Blockage

IVF should be considered in the cases where the fallopian tubes are badly damaged and tubal surgery may have decreased chances of success than IVF or in most cases where tubal surgery has already been unsuccessful. IVF can be considered if both fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged. It's a tubal factor infertility that prevents natural conception. During IVF, the ovaries are stimulated to produce several eggs, which are then retrieved. The eggs are then fertilized in the laboratory, and fertilized embryos are placed into the uterus where they can implant and grow, so In vitro fertilization (IVF) can bypass the fallopian tubes altogether.

IVF Process

Couples recommended for IVF are required to go through a number of investigations and procedures:

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IVF treatment may be cumbersome physically and emotionally for the couple. Counselling with Crysta Counselors help couples understand their treatment regime and voice their concerns which is important prior to the start of the procedure.

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Ovarian stimulation leads to maturing of follicles. The growth of these follicles is monitored over 10-12 days. The ovarian response is measured through blood investigations and ultrasound at regular intervals. This process helps to control the size, quality and quantity of the maturing follicles.

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Medication and final stimulation leads to the release of the mature ovum.  The ovum is collected in the clinic and is done by ultrasound guidance under sedition. The collected ovum is then sent to the embryologist for processing in the ART laboratory.

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The male partner is asked to provide a fresh semen sample on the same day. If required, sperm may be extracted from the testes or epididymis by a surgical procedure. 

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The prepared sperm and ovum are fertilized under laboratory conditions to form the embryo. Several such embryos are prepared by the embryologist and based upon the quality is transferred to the uterus of the female partner on the day 3 or day 5 stage of the embryo. 

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Post transfer of the embryo, the ART specialist may prescribe medication and other routine care to enhance the chances of implantation. After a particular period of time, pregnancy tests may be recommended to confirm pregnancy.

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Cost of an IVF Procedure

The cost of an IVF procedure is approximately 1.5 Lakhs, but is dependent upon the medical condition of the couple. There may be additional medication and treatments suggested for the couple which may further vary the cost.

Success and IVF

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The success of an IVF procedure is around 30-35%, however in women younger than the age of 35 years the success rate is around 40%. The success of an IVF procedure depends upon a number of factors such as:

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    Age of the female partner

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    Duration of infertility

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    Type of infertility

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    Cause of infertility

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    Quality of the sperm, ova (eggs), and embryo

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    Development of the endometrium

Myths around IVF

A. Infertility only affects female partners.

Fact: Infertility may be encountered by either the male or female partner. In case of the inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse, it is recommended both partners get evaluated for treatment and or ART procedures.


B. IVF procedures assure 100% success.

Fact: The success of IVF procedures is around 30-35% and may increase to 40-50% in women younger than 35 years of age. The success of this procedure is based upon a number of factors such as the age, type of infertility, cause and quality of the gametes. Most couples get dejected after the failure of the first cycle and do not continue with treatment. It is advisable that couples undergo around 2-3 IVF cycles for better chances of success.


C. Chances of congenital anomalies increase in children born through IVF.

Fact: There is no significant increase in the risk of congenital anomalies in children conceived through IVF than the ones conceived naturally. However, there may be an increased risk of genetic disorders in children conceived by women greater than the age of 35 years. In such cases, ART procedures along with genetic testing such as Pre-implantation Genetic Testing- PGT-A, PGT-M, and PGT-SR may be suggested to help select healthy embryos.


D. IVF involves the use of donor gametes only.

Fact: IVF is usually done using the sperm and ovum from the husband and wife respectively. However, in case of severe fertility issues in either the male or female partner, donor gametes may be used.


E. IVF procedures lead to twin pregnancies.

Fact: IVF procedures may lead to multiple pregnancies. However with advanced ART procedures, it is possible for elective single embryo transfers.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is IVF ?

In-vitro Fertilization is an Assisted Reproductive Technology which is used to help couples facing infertility issues. In this procedure, the ovum and sperm are retrieved from the female and male partner respectively, prepared by the embryologist and then made to fertilise under laboratory conditions to form an embryo. This embryo is then transferred to the uterus of the female partner for implantation and further development.


Who is a candidate for IVF ?

There are several factors for which couples may be recommended for IVF such as:

  • A. Low sperm count or motility
  • B. Endometriosis
  • C. Ovulation disorders
  • D. Cervical mucus related problems
  • E. Blockage or structural anomalies with the fallopian tube
  • F. Unexplained infertility


How long should one wait before consulting an IVF specialist ?

A couple should consult a specialist if they are unable to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. A specialist will evaluate and suggest fertility treatments suitable for the couple. If the partners face a severe fertility problem or are not responding to treatment, they may be suggested to opt for an IVF.


How successful is an IVF procedure ?

The success of an IVF procedure is dependent upon a number of factors such as

  • Age of the female partner
  • Duration of infertility
  • Type of infertility
  • Cause of infertility
  • Quality of the sperm, ova (eggs), and embryo
  • Development of the endometrium

The success rate of IVF is around 30-35% and increases with the decrease in age lower than 35 years.


How long does an IVF procedure take?

IVF procedures may take up to 4-6 weeks prior to ovum retrieval from the female partner. The embryo is then transferred after 48 hours for implantation. Many coupes may need to undergo several cycles before being able to achieve a pregnancy.


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From infertility basics to right fertility treatments to chances of your fertility treatment, the fertility experts at
Crysta IVF are always available to answer all your queries.

From infertility basics to right fertility treatments to chances of your fertility treatment, the fertility experts at Crysta IVF are always available to answer all your queries.

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