What are some complications in pregnancy?

what are some complication in pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful phases for a woman but it can be a little challenging as well when there are complications. Most pregnancies happen without any complications but some women have to go through bad experiences in terms of health, baby health, or both. There are times when a mother who had any disease or conditions before getting pregnant can face problems during pregnancy and they take place during delivery. But if these complications are identified beforehand then it becomes easy to mitigate the risk further for the baby and mother.

Some of the common complications of pregnancy are high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm labor, pregnancy loss or miscarriage, etc.

Who are at risk of complications?

If a woman is already going through or experiencing chronic diseases, then it is crucial to get in touch with the Gynecologist so that problems are minimized on time. And if the woman is already pregnant, then the doctor will require monitoring the pregnancy. Common diseases are there which can lead to causing problems during pregnancy and are diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, infections, sexually transmitted diseases-HIV, kidney problems, epilepsy, and anemia.

Various other factors are there enhancing the risks of the complications and are getting pregnant at 35 or above, pregnancy at a young age, eating disorders such as anorexia, use of illegal drugs, drinking alcohol, pregnancy loss or preterm birth, and carrying multiples like twins or triplets.

Pregnancy and labor complications

The usual pregnancy symptoms and complications are difficult to recognize at times. However, most problems are mild and don’t cause serious issues. It is important to know that complications can be solved if identified beforehand.

Here is the brief of pregnancy and labor complications that will help in comprehension of the aspect effortlessly:

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is linked to the high risk of several other problems such as preeclampsia. It can lead to putting you down and can cause preterm birth. It also enhances the problem of having a small baby. You must focus on controlling the blood pressure by using some medications during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes happens when the body doesn’t have the efficiency of processing sugars effectively. It causes high levels of sugar in the body and pregnant women may require modifying their diet and meal plans so that sugar is under control. There may be a requirement of taking insulin as well for keeping the level of blood sugar in control. The problem after pregnancy goes away on its own.


Preeclampsia is also known as toxemia and usually happens within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and leads to high blood pressure and even causes issues with kidneys. The suggested preeclampsia treatment is baby delivery and placenta for preventing the disease from advancing. The doctor will discuss the benefits and problems associated with the timely delivery and may lead to inducing labor if the woman is 30-40 weeks of pregnancy. As the timing of delivery is early, the doctor will initiate monitoring and prescribing medicines so that blood pressure is low.

Preterm labor

Preterm labor happens when a woman is in labor before the completion of pregnancy week. It is before the organs of the baby like the brain and lungs are done with growing. There are some medications to prevent labor before the due date. Doctors generally suggest bed rest for keeping the baby born before time.


A miscarriage or pregnancy loss takes place around the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. As per the American Pregnancy Associate, around 20% of pregnancies face miscarriage and it occurs even before a woman is aware of the pregnancy. A loss of pregnancy after 20 weeks is known as a stillbirth. Issues that are with stillbirths include placenta problems, a chronic health problem in a mother, infections, etc.


Anemia is the indication of lower than normal red blood cells in the body. If a woman is anemic, then she may feel tired than normal. Many causes are there behind anemia and doctors will treat the cause behind it. The mother is prescribed supplements by doctors like iron and folic acid during pregnancy to eliminate the problem of anemia.


Infections like bacteria, viral, and parasites can lead to complicating the pregnancy and are dangerous to both the baby and mother. Hence, it is crucial to get in touch with the doctor immediately. The instance of infection is urinary tract infection, bacterial vaginosis, cytomegalovirus, group B Streptococcus, yeast infection, Zika virus, hepatitis B virus, and influenza. Hence, it is suggested to keep washing your hands frequently and taking the required vaccination.

When there is a need to visit the doctor?

Firstly, understand that if you are pregnant, you should never feel hesitant to go to your doctor when there are symptoms of complications. You must go to your doctor immediately when experiencing the following:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Unexpected swelling on the face and hands
  • Abdominal pain
  • Serious headaches
  • Dizziness, persistent vomiting, and blurred vision.

How can you prevent the complications?

Here are the steps that you can take to prevent the complications of pregnancy:

  • If you have any pre-existing medical condition, then you should visit the doctor so that he can recommend the ways that are better for you to be prepared for the pregnancy.
  • You must be eating a healthy diet that includes vegetables, fruits, lean protein, fiber, and fruits.
  • Ensure taking prenatal vitamins regularly.
  • You should get yourself indulged in regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight for a healthy baby.
  • Ensure quitting smoke and alcohol if these two are your lifestyles.
  • Stress can cause serious complications in pregnancy. So, always involve yourself in fun activities and do some yoga to diminish your levels of stress.

Final thoughts

Pregnancy surely is the beautiful and the best gift of god to a woman but when there are complications it begins to feel as if something is losing out from the hands. But there is always hope for everything and the same goes with this problem. It is always recommended to consult the doctor before planning and even the best IVF centre in Mumbai like Crysta IVF. You will not receive consultations for getting prepared for the pregnancy under the guidance of the best fertility experts. And you can also obtain information if there are any infertility issues. It would be easier for you to identify any problem beforehand and get the right treatment on time.

Crysta IVF will not only assist you with assessing complications in pregnancy but will also offer help for treating the problem under the supervision of the best gynecologists. You just have to ensure scheduling your appointment and our team will reach you to resolve your queries.