Does COVID-19 Affect Male Fertility?

does covid 19 affect male fertility

It is already known that coronavirus specifically impacts the respiratory system, but the virus can also affect several other parts of the body, according to some research, which includes the male reproductive system, especially the testis.

Research reports that the SARS Cov-2 virus (COVID-19) can affect male fertility and sperm quality, which depends on the severity of the illness. Some studies have shed light on the impact of COIVD-19 on male fertility in middle-aged and younger individuals.

Coronavirus and male reproductive system

Clinical scientists are studying the long-term and acute effects of COVID-19 on health more and more. Coronavirus may target testicular cells and impact their functions. Such viral infections may susceptibly infect many organs in the entire body through some receptors. These receptors serve as a gateway for the virus to enter the cells and infect them slowly. The SARS-CoV-2 virus possibly breaks the protective barrier of the testis.

Notably, it is found that even mild COVID-19 may cause erectile dysfunction after complete recovery. But these findings are not new because it is already known that viruses including mumps and Zika virus may invade testicles, thereby affecting male fertility as well as sperm production.

In a control group of research in health and coronavirus infected males, it was found that the virus may cause low sperm count and mainly affect the testis and its functions. But a wide range of other viruses also affects the male reproductive system, such as HIV, mumps, Zika, influenza, Hepatitis B and C, Ebola, HPV, and more. But there is some data available that shows SARS-CoV-1 may be the cause of orchitis in males.

Still need more research and data

Infected cells, which are involved in the formation of new sperm cells, may have long-term consequences and may even cause birth defects. As a result, there is a 1% chance of excess testicular damage, particularly in reproductive age.

But the research is continued since the outcomes are still unclear. More frameworks of scientific approaches, including experiments, are needed for future predictions.


If you have had a coronavirus infection in the past and you are at reproductive age and want to protect your fertility, or you already have sperm problems, seek medical help.

For more information and male infertility treatment, contact today at Crysta IVF, a renowned name in the field of infertility. The company has a team of fertility specialists who work for the well-being of couples that are facing infertile issues in life, including unexplained infertility. And the company offers all the treatments at an affordable price.