We aren’t far from the Covid-19 cure now as the Bio-technologists are an inch away from delivering an effective solution. Much fell prey to fatal coronavirus that leads to underpopulation in some nations like China faces underpopulation and allows three children per couple. But covid19 is just a year old and cannot be listed as the factor of underpopulation.
It’s not the clinical complications that decrease the population but definitely factors of not increasing it.
Around 8%-12% of couples worldwide face infertility problems and male infertility alone contributes between 40-50% which is majorly caused due to low sperm count, poor sperm motility or other urological complications.
A clinical journal on male infertility published by the US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health mentions a report of the World Health Organization (WHO) on Infertility cases in India, period 1982-1985, and concludes the following findings.
India accounted for 27% of infertility cases combining both male & female, male infertility alone weighed at 40% and female infertility at 38%.
(Source – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4691969/)
What is Male-Infertility?
Infertility in males is confirmed when natural conception fails and the period of conception attempts is more than a year. It is a Urological aspect, a clinical insufficiency condition in men which can be due to poor lifestyles, excess consumption of alcohol, surgeries etc. In simple terms, Male Infertility means that a Man is unable to conceive a child.
Symptoms – Fertility Problems in Men: –
The foremost symptom of infertile men is the conception inability and the other men’s infertility signs are listed below –
During Sperm Ejaculation
- Sperm Ejaculation Dysfunction due to blockage in the urethral channel
- Low sperm quantity ejaculation
- Low Sperm force during ejaculation
- Erectile dysfunction
- Abnormal breast (Gynecomastia)
- Swell, pain and lump in the testicle, groin area, penis, scrotum
- Hormonal dysfunction
- Rapid Hair-loss and abnormalities
- Consistent respiratory infections
- Depression, mood swings and low sex drive
- Muscle mass-loss
Once the above symptoms are evident consider vising the best male fertility doctor in India or Male Infertility clinic in India.
Causes – Infertility In Men
Conception in males usually fails due to the following causes –
- No Sperm
Testicle produces sperm in men and if there are clinical problems in testicles it will affect the sperm quantity and quality. When there is absolutely no sperm during ejaculation then such condition is known as Azoospermia and is caused due to reproductive tubule blocks (carrier of sperm) and problems in hormones and testicles to name a few here.
Low Sperm ejaculation also factors infertility and is a condition known as perceived ejaculate volume reduction (PEVR) which is also a cause of fertility issues in men.
Hormones vital acts in male fertility and any hormonal irregularities cause Men-Infertility conditions, like thyroid glands functional abnormality, dysfunction of Pituitary glands, adrenal glands and hypothalamus. Also, hormonal disorders impact sex hormones, Testosterone. Male hypogonadism is the condition when testosterone level is low. Infertility may also be an inherited disease.
- Retrograde Ejaculation
In this condition, the sperm reverses its direction into the urinary bladder instead of pitching into the female reproductive tracts which ceases the chances of sperm hitting the female egg, and hence conception never happens.
- Sperm Motility
It is a condition of destination-reach failure. The sperm lacks the ability to reach the female reproductive tract, to the eggs. Hence, no conception takes place.
These are the most common clinical causes that restrict conception in Men.
- Other Causes
- Excess alcohol consumption
- Drugs indulgence
- Poor lifestyle
- Metal exposure
- High-temperature exposure – Testicle
- Assessing historical records – Medical
- Urologist – Physical examination
- Hormonal tests
- Semen analyses
Related Blog: Top 7 Reasons that Lowers Sperm Count in Men
Treatment – Male Infertility
An instant solution is available provided couples knock on the right door.
Biotechnology enables an effective and efficient method, assisted reproductive technology (ART) known as In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
Around 6 million of the world population are IVF babies (1978) and still counts.
IVF in male infertility is the best treatment to opt for as it is the nearest means to natural conception.
How does IVF work in male infertility?
The sperm sample is taken from the infertile male to fertilize it with the egg on a petri-dish, in the In-Vitro lab.
Post fertilization it is then implanted directly in the uterus of the partner (spouse).
In the case of No-sperm ejaculate, ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is used to extract sperm for the fertilization to happen but is resorted to in severe cases only.
The fertilized embryo is then implanted in the uterus and facilitates normal pregnancy.
WHY IVF: –
The major benefit of IVF in male infertility is making things happen with the least motile sperms and sperm.
Since fertilization takes place in a petri dish distance is no more a problem for the sperm to reach the egg as both are placed closely. IVF is the simplest ART method of becoming a father.
Other beneficial aspects of IVF are –
- Nearest to the natural method
- Result oriented
When the solution is simple then the wisest act is to utilize it and cherish its benefits. IVF in India is prevailing high due to its near to natural features and the availability of IVF specialists and IVF centres.